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Planetary Variables™:
Quantifying a Changing World

Drawing on observations from Planet’s satellites and the broader Earth observation ecosystem, Planetary Variables™ deliver continuous, scientifically rigorous data that measures the changing conditions of the surface of the  Earth.

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Planetary Variables™

Quantifying Change Across the  Globe

Earth’s hydrological and biological systems shift on a daily basis with immense complexity. Satellite data from Planet can help track some of the vital characteristics that define the health of our world, including water, vegetation, temperature, and forest carbon.

Planetary Variables render complex earth observation data from a range of constellations into actionable measurements, nearly everywhere on the Earth’s landmass. Powered by state-of-the-art remote sensing techniques and honed by a team of award-winning scientists, Planetary Variables provide users robust measurements of the Earth’s surface.

Make better decisions across a range of industries with tools powered by consistent observations and backed by an archive that spans decades.


Daily observations of Soil Water Content across the globe at 100 meter and 1 km resolution

Crop Growth

Easy-to-implement, cloud-free Crop Biomass data delivered daily at 10 meter resolution


Accurate, continuous insight into Land Surface Temperature at 100 meter and 1 km resolution

Forest Carbon

Quantifying aboveground Forest Carbon at less than 5 meter resolution

Field Boundaries

Combine global, affordable Field Boundaries with Planet data for scalable solutions

How It Works

Analysis-ready Satellite Data Powered by Industry-leading Expertise in Remote Sensing for Water, Temperature, Carbon, and  Vegetation

Planetary Variables data products are based on the scientific expertise of industry-leading remote sensing scientists. Our team develops advanced algorithms that process satellite data from Planet and from public constellations to produce information that is usable without the need for extensive data cleaning and processing.

Data sources from across the electromagnetic spectrum, including optical, radar, passive microwave, and lidar sensors, reveal different aspects about the physical properties of earth. By fusing these distinct sources together, Planetary Variables unlock information about key characteristics about the Earth.

How It Can  Help

Powering Solutions By Measuring Changing Conditions on the Earth’s  Surface

Monitoring Forest Carbon

Our Forest Carbon dataset offers estimates of aboveground forest carbon stocks for carbon project accounting, digital MRV, reforestation, and deforestation monitoring. Built off Planet’s Surface Reflectance basemaps and validated with extensive airborne lidar, these global data allow low-cost, high-accuracy tracking of tree-scale carbon stocks.

  • Quantify baseline forest carbon, tree height and canopy cover metrics
  • Monitor project conditions over time to report on progress and impacts
  • Provide transparent verification and insights to both project developers and jurisdictional stakeholders
  • Automated Field Boundary  Detection

    Planet Field Boundaries provides critical infrastructure for agriculture solutions including regional crop monitoring and yield estimation, and at an affordable price point to help deliver over broad areas. From food security to supply chain traceability to commodities trading, agricultural field boundaries from Sentinel-2 imagery enable high-level analytics at scale.

  • Seamlessly connect all Planet data to streamline your implementation and procurement processes
  • Affordable pricing enables you to build scalable, global solutions on top of our Field Boundaries data
  • Save time and free up development resources to grow your competitive advantage
  • Tracking Drought

    Planet’s Soil Water Content data generates a reliable, objective measurement of the water content of the soils, anywhere on earth. By tracking conditions over years and decades, a baseline understanding of Soil Water Content is ideal to assess the impact of drought. In collaboration with the world’s most innovative reinsurers and brokers, Planet provides Soil Water Content data in 17 countries to help protect farmers from the impacts of drought.

  • Directly measures the water available to plants, instead of measuring rainfall, which can’t account for evaporation and runoff
  • Offers consistently high resolution driven by unique data downscaling and processing
  • Is based on more than 19 years of archival data, collected on a daily cadence
  • Monitoring Crop Growth and Optimizing Input  Efficiency

    With detailed, reliable and timely crop growth data, Planet’s Crop Biomass provides a straightforward, analysis-ready datastream. Cloud-free biomass data can help track crop growth and provide an input for variable rate applications, and because of its consistency, it can support the identification of key events like harvesting or mowing. Ideal for farmers and the companies that serve them.

  • Specifically designed for agriculture, pre-processed and analysis-ready to make satellite data more accessible and usable
  • Delivered daily so farmers don’t have to wait days or weeks for usable information, and so that models that rely on time-series data are more complete and reliable
  • Cloud-free and darkness proof, delivering reliable insights regardless of the weather
  • Water Resource Monitoring

    Near real-time Soil Water Content data helps monitor complex water systems by measuring current water levels to estimate water demand. With two decades of archive data, water resource managers can understand what’s normal and what’s not, tracking droughts, flooding, and the effects of interventions.

  • Daily observation without interruption from clouds, helping models stay on top of current conditions
  • An archive extending back to 2002 to provide a baseline view nearly everywhere on Earth
  • Reliability on par with ground sensors, with better spatial resolution and no need for maintenance
  • Discover More Planet  Products

    Global Satellite Images and Insights at Your  Fingertips

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    Read More

    Discover How Planetary Variables are Increasing Our Understanding of the World and Improving Life on  Earth


    Ready to learn how Planetary Variables can help  you?

    Planetary Variables make measuring the dynamic conditions of water, temperature, vegetation, and forest carbon more straightforward, with consistency and scientific rigor you can rely on. Equip your team with the right measurements to monitor conditions and build models.

    To learn more about Planetary Variables visit Planet University.

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